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Большой каменный мост - один из самых популярных и известных мостов в Москве. Многие не знают, почему он назван таким образом, хотя состоит из металла. Чтобы разъяснить мотивы наименования, нужно изучить историю создания этого уникального сооружения.

История Большого каменного моста берет своё начало в далеком 17 веке. Именно тогда, по указанию царя Михаила Федоровича было заложено строительство постоянного каменного моста через реку. К сожалению, из-за финансовых соображений, а также по причине смерти царя и главного инженера моста, строительство было остановлено на неопределенным срок. Лишь в 1680-х годах власть поняла необходимость реализации грандиозного долгостроя. Так, в 1687 году строительство было окончено, а в 1692 году мост получил достройку и название «Всехсвятский». Позже названия менялись на «Берсеневский», «Новый каменный» и наконец «Большой каменный мост». После переименования в «большой каменный» мост сохранил своё название до нынешнего времени.

С тех пор, как был возведен первый вариант моста, он получил известность на всю Россию. Во-первых, на его строительство было потрачено колоссальное количество средств. Во-вторых он был шириной в несколько улиц и на тот момент удивлял своей грандиозностью любого жителя Москвы. Постройка, конечно, была выполнена в основном из камня. Даже в 1850-х годах, после принятия решения о реконструкции моста, его долго не могли снести. Конструкция была настолько прочной, что на мероприятия по сносу собирались зрители со всего города. Новый мост появился не скоро, лишь в 1858 году. Он был уже не каменным, а металлическим (первым в Москве), но название «большой каменный» за собой сохранил.

В 1938 году мост бел перенесен к Боровицкой площади, реконструирован и приобрел свой современный облик. На данный момент его длина составляет 487 метров, а ширина 40 метров. Современный большой каменный мост был спроектирован и возведен под началом инженера Н.Я. Калмыкова и архитекторов М.А.Минкус, В.А.Щуко, В.Г. Гельфрейх.


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